Correct 0. a Data Handbook: South America. 1934: U.S. abrogates the Platt Amendment of 1901 which governed Cuba. Timeline: Latin America. 1967: Colombian Gabriel García Márquez publishes One Hundred Years of Solitude which becomes Latin America's most famous novel and a classic example of magical realism. Also see this comparative Ancient America Time Line. 1492: Spanish Roman Catholics expel the last of the Muslims and Jews from Spain. Adam-Onis Treaty: U.S.-Mexico boundary established by Spain and the United States. 800-200 BCE: Developments in art, ceramics, weavings, and feline cult at Chavín in the Peruvian 1791-1804: Slave revolt on French island of Saint-Dominigue (Haiti) leads to independence. 1815: Simón Bolívar forced to retreat to the island of Jamaica. 1494: Treaty of Tordesillas divides the New World between Spain and Portugal. 1544: First viceroy, Blasco Núñez Vela, arrives in Peru with the New Laws, which triggers civil 1345-1521 CE: The Mexicas (Aztecs) form a militaristic tribute empire in Mexico. Mesoamerica. 1953: Women gain the franchise in Mexico. 0%. 1811: Hidalgo is defeated and executed. Human activity shaped the environment of Latin America long before the arrival of Europeans in the late 1400s. 1901: Platt Amendment to Cuba's new constitution gives the U.S. the unilateral right to intervene 1898: Spanish-Cuban-American War. Gravity. 1830: Gran Colombia splits into the separate countries of Colombia, Venezuela, and Ecuador. 1500: Pedro Álvares Cabral claims the Brazilian "hump" for Portugal. 1946: Juan Domingo Perón elected president of Argentina. 1864-70: War of the Triple Alliance between Paraguay, Brazil, Argentina, and Uruguay. 1996: Peace agreement in Guatemala, but human rights violations continue. In History. Chile and Bolivia went to war after spending decades arguing over a border dispute. Artigas Pueyrredón offered to help but he refused. 1739: Establishment of the Viceroyalty of New Granada. Cortes and his men marched into the interior of the country until they reached the Aztec City of Tenochtitlan. 1824: Last patriot victories against the Spaniards: Bolívar at Junín in August and Sucre at Mexico. 1511: Sermon of Antonio de Montesinos criticizing colonists' treatment of the Indians. to Marc Becker at marc@yachana.org. Please send any suggestions, comments, corrections, additions, Guerrillas organize the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN). 8000-2000 BCE: Disappearance of large game leads to switch to small game, gathering, fishing, History of Latin America, history of the region from the pre-Columbian period and including colonization by the Spanish and Portuguese beginning in the 15th century, the 19th-century wars of independence, and developments to the end of the 20th century. Chile rescues 33 Miners trapped underground for 69 days. Language. 1961: Paraguay becomes the last country in Latin America to grant women the right to vote. 1970: Salvador Allende in Chile elected president in Chile, and becomes the first democratically César Chávez organizes the National Farm Workers Association (NFWA) in Delano, California. 1819: Colombian and Venezuelan independence. | Marc Becker's Home Page 1542: Bartolomé de las Casas writes Devastation of the Indies to push the "New Laws" to reform Women gain the right to vote in Cuba. PLAY. Novelist John Steinbeck publishes Tortilla Flat, a novel about Mexican American life in the United States. Latin American History Timeline Timeline created by erijo.rustillo. G63 .W67 2004 v.3 Reference; Circulating Items Circulating Items: Morgan Stacks, Maps . Vol 3. 1928: José Carlos Mariátegui publishes Seven Interpretative Essays on Peruvian Reality. 1513: Vasco Nuñez de Balboa views the "South Sea" from Panama, the Pacific Ocean. A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive timeline maker. 1810: Creoles establish ruling juntas in Carcas, Venezuela, Santiago, Chile, Buenos Aires, 1524: Council of the Indies established to help administer the new colonies. 1980: Archbishop Oscar Romero assassinated in El Salvador for his stance against military repression and human rights abuses. The 20th century has been marked by dramatic political changes and upheavals with the majority of the countries of Latin America suffering from military dictatorships and civil wars. 1992: Anti-quincentennial protests strengthen Indigenous-rights movement. 1855-1876: Period of Benito Juárez in Mexico. Latin American History Jan 1, 1493. A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive timeline maker. Harry S. Truman becomes the first president to visit Mexico City, laying a wreath at the foot of the U.S.-Mexican war monument to the Niños Heroes. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. leads to population increase & pressure. 1571-72: Revolt of Tupac Amaru I in Peru. II, Oxford University Press, 2005 II, Oxford University Press, 2005 “Petrópolis, Treaty of (1903).” 1569-81: Administration of Francisco de Toledo, viceroy of Peru. Spanish claims to Alaska and the west coast of North America date to the papal bull of 1493, and the Treaty of Tordesillas. Elections in the Americas. 1973: CIA-backed coup overthrows Allende in Chile; military government under General Augusto Pinochet kills thousands of opponents. 1938: Lázaro Cárdenas nationalizes the oil industry in Mexico. 1415-60: Prince Henry the Navigator opens the great Portuguese "Age of Exploration.". highlands. Test. 1961: Nicaraguan guerrillas organize the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN). Jan 1, 1325. History of Latin America - History of Latin America - The independence of Latin America: After three centuries of colonial rule, independence came rather suddenly to most of Spanish and Portuguese America. 1532: Francisco Pizarro captures Atahualpa, ending the Inca Empire. Hispanic-American history is American history. 1929: Conservatives grant women the right to vote in Ecuador, the first country in Latin America to do so. Americas. of National Liberation and commanded by a charismatic leader known as Subcomandante Marcos. 1964: Military coups end MNR rule in Bolivia and democractic rule in Brazil. Cuba's population grows from 1.6 million in 1899 to 4 million, thanks to European immigration and improved health care. Pyramids of the Sun and Moon. Period: Jan 7, 1300. to Jan 7, 2011. Take a deeper look into the history of Latin American Missions and the heart behind the work. 1974-1976: Isabel Martínez de Perón assumes presidency of Argentina. technological advances. 1987: Former Costa Rican president Oscar Arías is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts in settling Central American conflicts. Remaining 0. 1998: Augusto Pinochet, former dictator in Chile (1973-1990) is arrested in England on charges of human rights violations. History. 1942: Women gain the franchise in the Dominican Republic. Tenochtitlan The Aztects found Tenochtitlan. "180 Landings by the U.S. Marine Corps" (History Division), Counterspy (July-Aug. 1982). 1513-21: Ponce de Leon explores Florida on two expeditions. How to create a video lesson on Prezi Video and prepare for next year; 27 May 2020. 200 BCE - 600 CE: Nazca lines on the southern Peruvian coast. José Maria Morelos y Pavón takes command of the 1813: Morelos convokes the first Mexican Congress, which formally declares Mexican 1537: Pope Paul III decides Indians have souls. 1975: Cuban government passes law making childcare and housework equal responsibility of men and women. 1992: Peace agreement ends civil war in El Salvador. declares himself president, rules for 2 years, and is finally shot by a Honduran firing squad on 600-800 CE: Rise of large urban cities & empires at Huari in Peruvian Highlands. United States wins the Mexican-American War. 1830s: Rise of caudillos, self-interested military dictators backed by private armies. Bering Strait land bridge in pursuit of large game and enter North America. Their resulting "guerra sucia" (Dirty War) lasted until 1983 and killed or "vanished" thousands of people. 1750: Treaty of Madrid shifts Spanish-Portuguese border in South America. … Ege & Makhijani. A Reference Guide to Latin American History. The League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) 1929: On February 17 the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) was founded by Mexican American men in Corpus Christi, Texas. Latin American Missions started in 1958 after a small group of Christian men traveled to Panama seeking ways to spread the Gospel of Christ. Despite the traumatic experience, Latin music is one of the positive outcomes that came from that process. of Spain. 1953: Fidel Castro launches a failed uprising at the Moncada Barracks in Santiago, Cuba. 30,000 BCE (Before the Common Era): Highly mobile hunting and gathering groups cross the 450-750 CE: Theocratic empire develops at Teotihuacán in Mexico with a large urban center and 1990: FSLN loses elections to Violeta Chamorro in Nicaragua and an elected civilian government takes over from Augusto Pinochet in Chile. 1479: Ferdinand II and Isabella I unite the crowns of Aragon and Castille in Spain. You need to be a group member to play the tournament. 1551: The University of Mexico is founded. Jump to a year: BCE CE. By the end of the year, starvation and disease reduce the original 105 settlers to just 32 survivors. elected socialist to take power in Latin America. 1927: Augusto Cesár Sandino launches first Sandinista uprising in Nicaragua. Latin music is the result of a complex social and historical process that took place in the Americas after the arrival of Columbus. 200 BCE - 600 CE: Weaving & mummy bundles at Paracas on the southern Peruvian coast. 1570-71: The Inquisition is established in Lima and Mexico City. Learn. 1988: Pinochet loses plebiscite in Chile which was to extend his military rule. It is the ancient Aztec Capital, cite of Mexico City today. insurrection. 1994: U.S., Mexico, and Canada form NAFTA, the North American Free Trade Agreement. 1550: Debate between Las Casas and Sepúlveda at Valladolid in Spain. 1511: Atuey leads Indigenous resistance to Spanish settlement of Cuba. Spanish rule in the Americas ended in 1898 when they lost their final colonies to the United States following the Spanish-American War. 1982: Colombian Gabriel García Márquez awarded the Nobel Prize in literature. The widespread transfer of animals, plants, culture, human populations, technology, disease and ideas between the American and Afro-Eurasian hemispheres transformed life in Europe, the Americas and Africa. 1868-78: Independence movements in Cuba and Puerto Rico lead to the Ten Years' War in Cuba. 1542: The Spanish Crown issues Las Nuevas Leyes (The New Laws) to protect the Indians. 1977-80: President Jimmy Carter makes human rights a major goal in his Latin American policy. Aztecs found Tenochtitlan Founded in 1325, it became the seat of the growing Aztec Empire in the 15th century, until captured by the Spanish in 1521. 1933: FDR announces "Good Neighbor Policy.". A chronology of key events in the history of Argentina, from 1916 to the present In the decades following European contact, disease, enslavement and land seizure destroyed the advanced civilizations of the continent, both in the Andes and the Amazon regions, sending the surviving inhabitants back to a far simpler social organization. Jan 1, 1494. 1610: First Jesuit missions among the Guaraní in Paraguay. It is the ancient Aztec Capital, cite of Mexico City today. Vicente Fox was elected president of Mexico. Timeline for Colonial Latin America, 1492-1824 Colonial Latin American Profiles and Personalities Moments and Events in Late Colonial Latin America Analysis of Arthur Syzk’s “Bolívar and Sucre at Junin,” oil on canvas (1950) Women and illiterate peasants gain the right to vote. Navarro, Marysa, Virginia Sánchez Korrol, and Kecia Ali. After a series of major battles at sea and on land, the Chileans were victorious. 1778-79: Tiradentes' plot (the Inconfidência Mineira) for independence of Brazil. Peru gains independence. Colonial Latin American and US-Latin American Relations courses. too few (you: not rated) Category. 1956: US-supported dictator Anastasio Somoza assassinated in Nicaragua. Menu of timelines derived from more than 10,000 world history events in HistoryWorld. Public timelines; Search; Sign in; Sign up; Latin American History Timeline created by elias_pleitez. 1989: George Bush orders invasion of Panama to capture one-time dictator Manuel Noriega. 1967: Guerrilla hero Ernesto "Che" Guevara is killed in Bolivia while attempting to spark a revolutionary uprising. Emily_Salwin . 1944: Guatemalan revolution overthrows Jorge Ubico. 1952: The National Revolutionary Movement (MNR) comes to power in Bolivia. The canal made possible the exchange of both goods and ideas. years. 1954: CIA overthrows constitutional government of Jacobo Arbenz in Guatemala. 1976: On March 24, generals Videla, Massera and Agosti form a military junta in Argentina. 1531: Virgin of Guadalupe appears to Juan Diego on a hill outside of Mexico City. 1950: Jacobo Arbenz elected president in Guatemala. On July 3, Indians brought maize, beans, squash, and fresh and smoked meat to the Jamestown colony. 1999: Transfer of the Canal Zone from U.S. to Panamanian control. 1964: Military coups end MNR rule in Bolivia and democractic rule in Brazil. 1948: Organization of American States formed. It was something that never has happened in history. Santiago, Chile is destroyed by an earthquake. Latin American History Timeline (Events) STUDY. Flashcards. 1700: Philip V becomes king of Spain, and the Bourbon dynasty replaces the dynasty of the Wrong 0. 9 Last Played. Spanish establish viceroyalty of New Granada, encompassing all territory between Orinoco and Amazon Rivers. 1838: United Provinces of Central America breaks into five republics (Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica). 2000-200 BCE: Improvements in agriculture, culture, and social structures. 1535-1550: Antonio de Mendoza is named the first viceroy of New Spain. Cortes and his men marched into the interior of the country until they reached the Aztec City of Tenochtitlan. Jan 1, 1325. Peru, which had a military alliance with Bolivia, was drawn into the war as well. 300-900 CE: Architectural developments (city on high, large platform) at Monte Albán in CRS Report for Congress, 2002. 1000-1476 CE: Chimú empire in Peru with a very large city at Chan-chan with panaqa burial 1957-86 * Papa Doc and Baby Doc Duvalier rule Haiti as dictators, with US support. Oscar Niemeyer designed the buildings for the new capital of Brasilia, which was built in the interior of Brazil. 1000-1492 CE: Urban, stratified, militarized, imperialistic empires with no important in South America. Latin America is without a doubt a region with a troubled and complicated history, featuring momentous historical events that have influenced the rest of the world. etc. 1986: Indigenous groups in Ecuador form CONAIE, a pan-Indian organization. a quiz by almiklas • 121 plays • More. Year Event; c. 5000 BCE: Squash and chili are the first plants to be cultivated in America, in the Tehuácan valley in modern Mexico. 1810: The priest Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla issues the "Grito de Dolores" in Mexico which begins F1410 .R395 2000 Reference; South America, Central America and the Caribbean (Europa). 1961: Paraguay becomes the last country in Latin America to grant women the right to vote. 1932: A peasant uprising in El Salvador leads to the death of 30,000 Indians. Spell. 10,000 BCE: A second migration crosses the Bering Strait and joins the first one. Grossman, Zoltan. wars, 1545: Silver discovered at Cerro Rico, Potosí (Bolivia). 28 May 2020. 1904: Theodore Roosevelt's Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine declares the U.S. to be the TImeline of Latin American History . 1889: Abdication of Pedro II in Brazil; Brazil proclaimed a republic. In History. 200 BCE - 600 CE: Pottery with realistic painting at Moche on the northern Peruvian coast. 1955: Women gain the franchise in Honduras, Nicaragua, and Peru. Independence. 1615: Felipe Guaman Poma de Ayala finishes Nueva Corónica y buen gobierno to King Philip III Captain John Smith is captured by Native American Chief Powhatan and saved from death by the chief's daughter, Pocahontas. Between 1810 and 1825, most of Spain's former colonies had declared and won independence and had divided up into republics. 1982: British victory in the Malvinas/Falklands war leads to the collapse of the military government in Argentina and a return to civilian rule. 1954: Women gain the franchise in Colombia. 1940: The First Inter-American Indigenist Congress held in Pátzcuaro, Mexico leads to the formation of the Instituto Indigenista Interamericana (III). Linea de tiempo sobre las teorías del origen de la vida, "The Awakening" Timeline of Impotant Events, linea del tiempo historia de la gestión empresarial, ETAPAS DEL DESARROLLO COGNITIVO DE JEAN PIAGET, LINEA DE TIEMPO: EVOLUCIÓN DE LOS MEDIOS DE COMUNICACIÓN, Linea de tiempo de los primeros pobladores del continente americano hasta la colonización europea, Acontecimientos Historicos del siglo XVIII, PRINCIPALES APORTACIONES A LA TEORÍA CELULAR, LÍNEA DEL TIEMPO INNOVACIONES TECNOLÓGICAS, See more Science and Technology timelines. 1909-33: U.S. Marines occupy Nicaragua, Haiti, and Dominican Republic. 1799-1803: German geographer Alexander von Humboldt explores Mexico and South America. Mexico achieved its independence from Spain under Agustin Iturbide. 1989: General Stoessner ousted form power in Paraguay. 5/1958 * Vice President Richard Nixon meets strong anti-American sentiment on his "good will" tour of Latin America. Parts of this chronology are reprinted with permission from Dr. Richard W. Slatta's Ancient and the Cristero Rebellio, a widespread revolt in central and western Mexico. In 1513, this claim was reinforced by Spanish explorer Vasco Núñez de Balboa, the first European to sight the Pacific Ocean, when he claimed all lands adjoining this ocean for the Spanis… 1855: U.S. filibuster William Walker and his mercenaries invade and occupy Nicaragua. 1968: Latin American bishops meeting in Medellín, Colombia, embrace liberation theology and announce a 'preferential option for the poor.'. Ayacucho in December. 1811: Venezuela and Paraguay declare independence from Spain. He and a small group of conspirators started the rebellion by ringing the church bells … 1983: Assassination of Prime Minister Maurice Bishop of Grenada. Richard Grimmet, Instances of Use of Armed Forces Abroad, 1798-2001. September 12, 1860. 1929: Plutarco Calles establishes the National Revolutionary Party (later the PRI) which then rules Mexico as a one-party state for the next seventy years. 1968: A large and important Student Movement ends with police and army massacring on students at the Plaza of Tlatelolco in Mexico City. 0:00.0. 1954: General Stroessner comes to power in Paraguay. 1961-69: Kennedy's Alliance for Progress tries to bring reform and development to Latin America. — 1493 Papal Bulls of Donation give Portugal and Spain rights in the “New World.” — 1494 Treaty of Tordesillas divides the “New World” between Spain and Portugal. For a good timeline, check out the America's Best History Timeline, which counts down the five most important events of most years in American history from the 1400's to the present day, with detailed entries for more information. Independence from Spain came suddenly for most of Latin America. 1864-70: Period of Mariano Melgarejo in Bolivia. 2000-400 BCE: The beginnings of hieroglyphic writing & calendrics with the Olmec in Mexico. Between 1808 and 1826 all of Latin America except the Spanish colonies of Cuba and Puerto Rico slipped out of the hands of the Iberian powers who had ruled the region since the conquest. 300-900 CE: High developments in astrology, calendrics, math, writing among the Maya in LULAC is the largest and longest-lasting Latino civil rights group in the country. What Happened: Hispanics, including mestizos, indigenous and Afro-descended people from the area today known as Mexico, explored North America almost a century before the British first founded Jamestown. Hernando Cortes landed on the coast of Mexico. Terms in this set (15) The Colombia Exchange. Under the leadership of Víctor Paz Estenssoro, tin mines are nationalized and the next year an agrarian reform program is instituted. 600-1000 CE: Monolithic stone architecture at Tiwanaku by Lake Titicaca in Bolivia. 1823: United States issues the Monroe Doctrine which warning Europe against the recolonization efficient organizational and administrative structures. This game is part of a tournament. 1822: King Pedro declares Brazil independent from Portugal. 1988: The PRI uses electoral fraud to prevent Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas of gaining the presidency in Mexico. Pace of reforms accelerates, including expropriation of United Fruit Company banana lands. Deaths due to flooding made it the second deadliest Atlantic hurricane in history; nearly 11,000 people were killed with over 11,000 left missing by the end of 1998. The Olmec are also known for their monolithic stone heads. 1846-8 - Mexican-American War ends with Mexico being forced to sell its northern provinces (including modern-day California, Nevada, New Mexico, Arizona and Utah) to the US. Hernando Cotes Hernando Cortes landed on the coast of Mexico. 1947: Women gain the franchise in Argentina and Venezuela. Many Mexicans thought he was a good leader for their country. F1408.29 .S68 Reference; Worldmark Encyclopedia of Cultures & Daily Life. Caudíllos: 19th - 20th century: From the 1830s each new Latin American republic goes its own way, though often distracted by border conflicts with neighbours. Aztecs found Tenochtitlan The Aztecs found Tenochtitlan and started building the first Aztec temples. 1879-84: War of the Pacific involves Chile, Peru, Bolivia. all the way down to Chile in southern South America. Hapsburgs. 1780-81: Indian revolt led by Tupac Amaru II in Upper Peru. 1895: José Martí launches war for Cuban Independence and is killed. 1952: Puerto Rico becomes a U.S. Commonwealth. He defends his actions with a speech History Will Absolve Me. Argentina. the War of Independence against Spain. 1994: A rebellion breaks out in the southern state of Chiapas, Mexico, led by the Zapatista Army Christian History timeline: Latin American Christianity [Antonio de Montesinos shouts against slavery / Wikimeda] — 1492 Columbus lands on Guanahani, which he renames San Salvador. in the island's political affairs. 1200-1532 CE: The Inka form the Tawantinsuyu empire in the Andes with sophisticated and very 1847-1848: Maya Indians rebel against plantation owners in Yucatán, Mexico in what is known as the Caste War. Public timelines; Search; Sign in; Sign up; Latin America History Timeline created by karpuentes. Latin America History Timeline created by mariapuente03. 1932: Women gain the franchise in Brazil, Puerto Rico, and Uruguay. Subsequent events suggest that Spain has left her colonies ill-equipped for self-rule. 4 vols. 1984: Raul Alfonsín, of the Radical Party, assumes the presidency of Argentina ending nine years of military rule. 1535-1550: Antonio de Mendoza is latin american history timeline the first country in Latin.. Environment of Latin America history Timeline created by elias_pleitez of hieroglyphic writing & calendrics with the in... A Timeline created by karpuentes Felipe Guaman Poma de Ayala finishes Nueva Corónica y buen gobierno King... The oil industry in Mexico leads to the Ten years ' War Cuba... 1815: Simón Bolívar forced to retreat to the death of 30,000 Indians W. Slatta 's ancient Colonial...: Vasco Nuñez de Balboa views the `` New Laws ) to protect the Indians a uprising! 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