Or select here to go a specific tree's page. It is the aroma of wintergreen emanating from crushed leaves and broken twigs to which this birch owes its common name, sweet birch. First is the name of the organism's genus and then the name of the organism's species. The currently accepted scientific name of yellow birch is Betula alleghaniensis Britt. In the 19th Century the species was classified as B. lutea, from the Latin lutum for ‘yellow’. The Yellow Birch is unique in that its twigs emit a wintergreen smell when cut. The sweet birch tree and wintergreen plant produce an essential oil that is closely identical in aroma and chemical composition. But it would likely do best in conditions similar to those preferred by other native birches, particularly the Sweet Birch. The tree sap is used as a tonic for skin, muscle and joint issues. It also goes by the name Sweet Birch and Cherry Birch, but in botanical circles is actually called Betula Lenta. 3. . If ingested, immediately call the Poison Control Center -- (800) 222-1222 -- or your doctor. Yellow Birch is one of the largest of the eastern hardwoods. The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are yellow. Main American species of birch. The other type of birch tree that is used to make essential oil is known as the Black Birch. Genus name comes from the Latin words liquidus meaning liquid and ambar meaning amber as two species produce a fragrant resin. The Betula Alleghaniensis is commonly known as the Gray Birch, Silver Birch, Swamp Birch as well as Yellow Birch.. The white-barked birch trees are more susceptible to bronze birch borer attacks than species without white bark (River Birch, Heritage River Birch, Yellow Birch, Sweet Birch); see Table 1. Trees are the backbone of any good landscape plan. Type of Tree Facts . Sweet Birch Essential Oil Uses and Benefits. There are over 20,000 different kinds of trees in the world. The name ‘birch’ itself is derived from an old Teutonic word. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. The common name of this plant in Spanish is Abedul. Welcome to the Birch family A-Z list. To search for photos of these plants, check the UC Berkeley CalPhotos: Plants site.. Facts on the Sweet Gum Tree. Common Name(s): Silver Birch. These two Birches will out-perform River Birch in dry locations, and Sweet Birch has phenomenal fall color and glossy copper stems in youth. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be undemanding. Downy birch is monoecious, meaning both male and female flowers (catkins) are found on the same tree. Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 1-2 ft (.3-.6 m) trunk diameter. The scientific name of Birch is the botanical name or formal name. We have included the various common names associated with each scientific name to help you find the right tree. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class It is very similar to Sweet Birch, but easily distinguished by its bark. Walter Chandoha; Gray birch, paper birch, river birch, sweet birch, yellow birch, and white birch are the best known; white birch is usually called silver birch in England, but the latter name is also sometimes given to paper birch and to yellow birch. The simple leaves may be toothed or pointed. Scientific Name: Betula pendula. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be dry to moist soils. Average Dried Weight: 40 lbs/ft 3 (640 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.50, .64. Possibly 5 - 7. Select species Betula alleghaniensis, Yellow Birch Betula lenta, Sweet Birch Betula nigra, River Birch Betula occidentalis, Water Birch Betula papyrifera, Paper Birch Black birch or sweet birch (Betula lenta) American birch species to 23 m in height. Specific epithet means flowing storax. Interestingly, the average longevity is approximately 150 years and the maximum longevity is over 300 years. Common in the wild, it is rarely offered in nurseries. Other Information. Betula lenta (sweet birch, also known as black birch, cherry birch, mahogany birch, or spice birch) is a species of birch native to eastern North America, from southern Maine west to southernmost Ontario, and south in the Appalachian Mountains to northern Georgia. Facts about the tree types can be found at the bottom of each tree page. Factoring in the many species of birch made available for flooring, there are three that you’ll typically come across: Paper birch; Yellow birch; and Sweet birch. River Birch does well in all but the driest soil. The Black Birch is botanically called Betula lenta . Birch is of two types, the silver birch or white birch whose scientific name is Betula pendula, and the cherry birch, sweet birch, or black birch whose scientific name is Betula lenta. It is named for its bark, which resembles that of the domestic Sweet Cherry (Prunus avium), a tree that is known to escape from cultivation in … Janka Hardness: 1,210 lb f (5,360 N) Modulus of Rupture: 16,570 lb f /in 2 (114.3 MPa) One of the largest hardwoods in northeastern North America, the Yellow Birch tree is the most frequently used birch … Sweet birch (Betula lenta): This species, also known in some areas as the cherry birch, is native to the eastern U.S., especially the Appalachian region. The tree is additionally known as sweet birch, cherry birch, black birch, spice birch and mahogany birch. Latin (scientific) name: Betula papyrifera Common English name: White birch Other names: Paper birch, canoe birch French name: Bouleau à papier More information about Swamp Birch may be found here.. Some Benefits of Trees. Reaches 12 m in height. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). The paper birch, known as a white birch, silver birch, or canoe birch, rarely lives more than 140 years. Native to the eastern US, Quebec and Ontario. Scientific Name: Betula lenta The Sweet Birch thrives high in the mountains, often in dry, difficult conditions. Salicylic acid, betulenol, betulin, and methyl salicylate are the main constituents of birch essential oil. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 20 m (66 ft) high. Although there are many varieties of birch across the globe, most birch in the United States comes from the yellow birch tree, also known by the scientific name Betula alleghaniensis Britt. Height: to 80 feet. When we can look past our white-bark obsession, we'll notice a couple other Birches worthy of consideration: Sweet Birch and Yellow Birch. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 25 m (82 ft) high. A birch is a thin-leaved deciduous hardwood tree of the genus Betula (/ ˈ b ɛ tj ʊ l ə /), in the family Betulaceae, which also includes alders, hazels, and hornbeams.It is closely related to the beech-oak family Fagaceae.The genus Betula contains 30 to 60 known taxa of which 11 are on the IUCN 2011 Red List of Threatened Species. Stems with a brownish-white bark. Names. The scientific name for this tree is Betula Lenta, often called Sweet Birch. The leaves are oval-shaped with a finely toothed edge and a slender tip. The scientific name of an organism is comprised of the two most specific parts of the organism's taxonomy. In the past, this tree was used to produce wintergreen oil, but after the invention of artificial oils this practice has stopped, it still makes a hearty tea though. Alaska birch (Betula neoalaskana): birch that grows in the interior areas of Alaska and Canada. The Japanese monarch birch (B. maximowicziana) is a valuable timber tree of Japan, especially in the plywood industry. Birch species are generally small to medium-size trees or shrubs, mostly of temperate climates. The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are yellow. Common Name: sweet birch Scientific Name: Family: Betulaceae Genus: Betula Species: lenta Hardiness Zone: 4 to 7 Height: 40 to 55 ft Width: 35 to 45 ft Description: Like most birch trees, the sweet birch is susceptible to many pests and pathogens (such as leaf miners, aphids, and cankers) but unlike many of the others, it is resistant to bronze birch borer. It is a medium-sized deciduous tree that thrives in well drained, sandy loams on cool moist sites and is primarily noted and praised for its beautiful white bark. We have listed them by scientific name because it is a constant and does not vary region to region or person to person. Toxicity Class (third column in table below). Follow cultural practices that will create conditions conducive to tree survival. Birch oil originates from the Birch tree which has a scientific name of Betula lenta. Sweet birch, also commonly referred to as black birch or cherry birch, was at one time the only source of oil of wintergreen. Scientific Name: Betula uber. Sweet Birch is long-lived as birches go, known to reach over 250 years. Minor Toxicity: Ingestion of these plants may cause minor illnesses such as vomiting or diarrhea. The Cherry Birch is a medium-sized deciduous tree that grows up to 20 metres tall. A recognized form … Paper birch (Betula papyrifera) is the softest birch wood flooring, scoring a 910 on the Janka scale, and … Appearing from April to May, male catkins are long and yellow-brown in colour. Distribution: Europe and southwest Asia. The common name of sweet gum refers to an aromatic balsam or gum that exudes from wounds to the tree. The Blue Birch is botanically called Betula caerulea. They hang in groups of two to four at the tips of shoots, like lambs' tails; while female catkins are … Common Names: Virginia Roundleaf Birch, Roundleaf Birch, Ashe Birch Plant Type: Small to mid-size tree Height: 20 - 40 feet Cultivation Zones: Uncertain. Scientific Name / Common Name / Susceptibility ... Betula lenta / sweet birch, ... more susceptible to attack, so maintaining a vigorous, healthy tree will help prevent any infestation. Fertilize the tree if it is lacking in nutrients, and provide sufficient water, especially during dry periods. 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